Cultural Directory of Slovakia - Museum

The Museum of Fellow Countrymen forms part of Matica slovenská and is located at Matica slovenská’s Bratislava office, a two-storey Neo Rococo palace built in 1889 by Bratislava architect J Hubert for pharmacist F Pistori. The building is a National Cultural Monument.
The Archives of the Museum of the Slovak National Uprising, Banská Bystrica preserves and makes available a wide range of documents and other artefacts relation to the Slovak National Uprising.
The Slovak National Museum (SNM) Archives in Bratislava begun to operate as a separate and specialised department in 1974. It is based in the main Slovak National Museum building at Vajanský nábrežie street 2 in Bratislava, with branch offices located in the Ethnography Museum in Martin, Betliar Museum and Červený Kameň Museum. Other museums have only filing cabinets set up.
The Slovak National Museum Library, Bratislava is the central library of Slovak National Museum in Bratislava. In the library system of the Slovak Republic it belongs to a network of special libraries, and is a co-ordinating and methodical workplace for museum and gallery libraries of the Slovak Republic.
Betliar Museum SNM is a specialised art history museum located within Betliar Mansion, the former hunting palace of the Andrássy family set in extensive parkland which was accorded the status of a National Cultural Monument in 1985.
Bojnice Museum was established in 1950; it is located in the National Cultural Monument - Bojnice Castle and it is a part of the Slovak National Museum now.
Located at Červený Kameň Castle, Červený Kameň Museum SNM is a specialised museum which houses a rich and very valuable collection of historical furniture and household accessories, offering an overview of typical aristocratic interiors between the 16th and 19th centuries, together with a variety of weapons, including oriental weapons.
The oldest and the largest branch of the Slovak National Museum, the Ethnographic Museum of the Slovak National Museum in Martin originated with the establishment of the Slovak Museology Society (1893), and in particular with the work of SNM’s founding father Andrej Kmeť and other important personalities from Slovak museum history.
Established in 1964 and named after the SNM’s founding father Andrej Kmeť, the Andrej Kmeť Museum is housed in the First Slovak National Museum Building which was built from a public collection of the Slovak nation in 1906-1907 and has been registered as a National Cultural Monument.
Housed in Prónay Mansion, the Karol Plicka Museum showcases the life and work of artist-photographer, filmmaker, ethnographer, folklore collector and teacher Karol Plicka (1894-1987), with special regard to his remarkable way of presenting the values of traditional Slovak folk culture. Today, his film records are unique documents of an already mostly extinct phenomena.
Martin Benka Museum is situated in Martin Benka House, which was built in the late 1950s for the needs of national artist Martin Benka (1888-1971), one of the most significant personalities of the founding generation of Slovak creative modern art of the first half of the 20th century; the artist took up residence here in 1959. In 1960, on the basis of a deed of gift, he handed over a share of his work to the state (5,200 works of varying format and creative technique) and partially opened his studio and a small picture gallery.
The Museum of Czech Culture in Slovakia documents the life and work of the original owners of the house in which it is situated, two important personalities who devoted their life and work to realising idea of the Czechoslovakia, the commonwealth of Czechs and Slovaks. One of these personalities was Dr Anna Horáková-Gašparíková, one of the first Slovak women historians and archivist of Thomas Garrique Masaryk, first president of Czechoslovakia; the other was her husband, academician Professor Jiøí Horák, one of the most distinguished 20th-century Czechoslovak folklorists.
The Slovak Open Air Village Museum SNM offers the largest open-air ethnographic exhibition in Slovakia.
A branch of the main museum in Bratislava, the Museum of Carpathian German Culture, Nitrianske Pravno focuses on the history and culture of Hauerland.
Situated in Bratislava Castle on Castle Hill, the Museum of History SNM aims to acquire, preserve, scientifically and professionally process, use and make available collections documenting the development of society in Slovakia from the Middle Ages until the present. In this context of the museum’s specialisation it has a nationwide scope.
The Museum of Jewish Culture SNM originated as the Department of Jewish Culture at the Museum of History SNM, becoming an independent specialised museum institution in 1994. A national museum, its activities are focused on developing the spiritual and material Jewish culture and documenting the Holocaust in Slovakia.
The Museum of Magyar Culture and the Danube, Komárno originated in 1886 with the activities of various museum and educational societies which remained active until end of World War II. The most prominent of these was the Jokai Educational and Museum Society, active from 1911 to 1945. In 1948 this society was housed in the building of the District Museum Society at Komárno, a remarkable pseudo-Romantic structure built in 1913. In 1949 it was renamed the Museum of Magyar Culture and the Danube, Komárno.
The Museum of the Slovak National Councils SNM depicts almost 160 years of the history of the Slovak people and their battles for self-determination, independence and statehood. Its orientation is educational and all Slovak citizens are required to visit the museum within the framework of their general education.
A branch of the Museum of the Slovak National Councils SNM, this museum is dedicated to Milan Rastislav Štefánik (1880-1919), one of the founders of Czechoslovakia. Opened in 1990 in the 19th-century evangelical church where Štefánik was born, it presents Štefánik’s life and work through six rooms of exhibitions covering his military, diplomatic and political activities.
The Museum of Ukrainian Culture in Svidník is a specialised museum with a nationwide scope, the mission of which is to document the basic stages of cultural-historical, political and social development of the Ukrainian-Ruthenians of Slovakia from the oldest times until the present.
Opened in 1982 as a branch of the Museum of Ukrainian-Ruthenian Culture in Svidník, this 10-hectare open air folkloric museum presents the traditional lifestyle of the Ukrainian-Ruthenian community of Slovakia.
The Music Museum SNM in Bratislava is a documentary, science and research institution as well as methodological museum workplace with a nationwide scope that collects, protects, professionally handles, uses and opens up museum collections of a musical character documenting the field of musical culture from the earliest time until the present.
The Natural Science Museum SNM is a national museum which focuses on the research, documentation and presentation of the diversity and development of the living and non-living natural environment in Slovakia. Through its collections it ranks among the most important natural science museums in Europe. The acquisition activities of the museum are focused primarily on the territory of Slovakia.
Founded in 1884 on the initiative of the Spiš Historical Association, Spiš Museum initially had its headquarters in a Gothic house, the so-called Stallung in Mäsiarska street. In 1955 it acquired Levoča Town Hall for the installation of its historical exhibition. In 1968 the museum became responsible for St James's Church at Levoča (a National Cultural Monument), and in January 1989 it took over the management of Spiš Castle, a registered UNESCO World Heritage Site. Spiš Museum became part of the Slovak National Museum in 2002.
The Ľudovít Štúr Museum SNM in Modra was set up in 1965 as a specialised literary museum.
Originally developed as a part of the Museum of History SNM (Slovak National Museum), the Museum of Croatian Culture SNM in Slovakia was established in 2006 as an independent specialised museum. The museum collects, preserves, professionally processes and presents the material and documents related to the history and culture of the Croatians from their arrival in Slovakia to the present day.
A branch of the Slovak National Library (SNK) in Martin, the Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Literary Museum was set up in 1979 in Brodzany Mansion, a 17th-century Renaissance chateau whose owners the Friesenhofs were related by marriage to the great Russian Romantic writer.
Opened in 1991, the Andy Warhol Museum of Modern Art, Medzilaborce was founded on the initiative of Andy Warhol's brother John, art teacher Dr Michal Bicko, Vladimír Protivňák of the Academy of Ruthenian Culture in Slovakia and the Club of Friends of Fine Art at Medzilaborce (FFAM). The museum's predecessor was a small FFAM gallery which, together with the Andy Warhol Society, expended considerable effort to establish a permanent museum dedicated to the life and work of the celebrated American Pop Artist.
The Balneological Museum was founded in 1931 by the Piestany Museum Society and the Winter family, lessors of Piešťany spa resort. Originally a museum of local history, it has specialised since 1966 in balneology (the science of baths or bathing, especially the study of the therapeutic use of mineral baths) and the history of Slovak watering places and climatic spas.
Founded in 1937 in a small Renaissance-style garden house in a courtyard behind DIVYD - Glass Gallery and Hummel Music Shop where he was born, the J N Hummel Museum documents the life and work of piano virtuoso, composer and teacher Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778-1837), who was born in Pressburg (present-day Bratislava).
Founded in 1889, the Central Slovakia Museum, Banská Bystrica is the oldest continuous cultural facility in the town, which opened its first exhibition in 1909. In 1958 the museum relocated to Thurzo House, one of the most beautiful and typical houses of the historic heart of Banská Bystrica. From 1492 to 1540 Thurzo House was the headquarters of the Thurzo-Fugger Company, then one of the world's largest copper mining concerns. It was reconstructed into its present-day form in the second half of the 16th century.
The East Slovakia Museum, Košice is one of the oldest in Slovakia. It was set up in 1872 as an Association Museum under the name the Upper-Hungarian Museum (Felsőmagyarországi múzeum). During its more than 130 years of existence it has collected practically half a million objects from the domain of art history, crafts, history, numismatics, ethnography, natural history, photography.
Established in 1969 as the District Museum at Galanta and renamed in 1990, the Homeland Museum documents the history of the milling trade in the Malý Dunaj (Little Danube) River Basin and the lower reaches of the River Váh.
The Homeland Museum, Hanušovce nad Topľou is a regional museum with responsibility for documenting the history and living and non-living nature of the Vranov nad Toplou District. Opened in 1975, it is located in Hanušovce Mansion, a Renaissance-Baroque mansion built at the turn of the 18th century, the most characteristic feature of which is its massive corner towers. The interiors and facade of the mansion boast rich stucco decoration.
Established in 1959, the Homeland Museum at Hlohovec is a typical regional museum of homeland character whose collections represent the basic branches of social and natural sciences. The museum is located in the Franciscan Monastery at Hlohovec, built in 1942 on the orders of Vavrinec Ujlaky and now a protected cultural monument, with an additional exhibition hall on Razusova Street.
The Homeland Museum in Považská Bystrica which is situated in Jasenica Mansion is a regional museum with responsibility for documenting the history and living and non-living nature of Považská Bystrica.
The Horehronie Museum was set up as a homeland museum of the then Brezno District in 1960. Since 1965 it has acquired the status of a regional museum with special orientation to local history. The museum is housed in two buildings – the former Town Hall, a 16th-century building of Renaissance design which acquired its present Late Baroque appearance in 1779-1780, and a renovated burgher house dating from the end of the 16th century; both buildings are National Cultural Monuments.
Kežmarok Museum was founded in 1926 and opened its first exhibition in the entrance tower of Kežmarok Castle in 1931. In 1935 the museum was extended into the Castle's oblong tower. During World War II some items of the museum collections were stolen, but the museum was reopened in 1947.Initially a regional museum focusing on Kežmarok and its surrounding area, it has since developed a more sociological orientation.
Founded in 1972 as a District Museum, Kysuce Museum acquired its present name in 1974. In 1973-1975 it carried out a survey into the folk architecture of Kysuce, and in 1974-1981 it undertook extensive research into the inundated villages of Riecnica and Harvelka, collecting and purchasing objects in the field for its collection. The museum has also acquired numerous important archaeological objects through research activity and field surveys in numerous other locations around Kysucke.
The Museum of Literature and Music in Banská Bystrica is situated near the city's historical centre and is one of the newest museums in Slovakia. It was established in 1969 to document the library and musical culture of the central Slovakian regions of Banská Bystrica and Brezno.
Small Carpathian Museum in Pezinok is, following a two-year reconstruction work, again open to the public from November 18, 2008. With the use of finances from the EU funds and a founder of the museum - Bratislava Self- Governing Region, the museum building and its basement underwent a complete reconstruction.
Founded in 1956 and initially housed in the Provincial Building on St Nicholas' Square in Stara Ľubovňa, Ľubovňa Museum was relocated in 1966 to Ľubovňa Castle. The museum collects historic, ethnographic and artistic items, concentrating on the area of Stará Ľubovňa. Special exhibitions include:The Crafts exhibition, which shows the basic crafts pursued in this region, particularly those from nearby villages;History of the castle – basic events in history of the castle;
The traditions of collecting documentary material relating to mining at Gelnica stretch back to the times of Empress Maria Theresia. However, the present museum was founded in 1963 in the building of the former town hall.
The Mining Museum at Rožňava was opened in 1943 following the merger of two older museum institutions – the museum of the Borsod-Gemer branch of the Hungarian Provincial Mining and Metallurgical Society and Rožňava Museum, both dating from 1912. Closed during World War II, the museum reopened in 1956 with a mining and metallurgy exhibition. It has since developed and now owns abundant collections from the fields of mining and metallurgy, geology and mineralogy, natural history, archaeology, history, art history and history of technology.
The Museum of Education and Pedagogy, Bratislava is a central museum of education. It was established in 1970 by a decision of the Ministry of Education.
The Museum of Special Education (MŠŠ) in Levoča was founded on the initiative of the Society for Special and Curative Education under Dr Vladimír Predmerský as a historical and documentation centre for special and curative education.
Orava is a region in the northernmost part of Slovakia. Covering 8 hectares in a beautiful landscape under the West Tatra mountains, Museum of Orava village displays rural building, living and farming in Orava region in the past.Originally, there were only pastures in this place. In 1967 building of the museum began and succesively 56 houses from various Orava villages were removed here. Almost all of them are wooden log-cabin houses, so they were disassembled at the original place, removed to the museum and here reassembled.
Founded in 1912 by the Liptov Museum Society, the Liptov Museum was taken over in 1921 by Ružomberok Municipality. Since 1937 it has been housed in a building constructed by the municipality to a design by V Donner. In 1974 the museum was affiliated with the Ethnography Museum at Liptovský Hrádok. Since its inception the museum has developed the character of a homeland museum with a wide range of collections which focus on the Liptov region.
Liptov Village Museum in Pribylina is the youngest open-air museum in Slovakia, available since 1991. It's establishment is related to the construction of water reservoir of Liptovská Mara, in order to protect the most valuable movable and immovable estates. Liptov Village Museum exhibition documents the housing and the way of life of Liptov's population with different social backgrounds in the past. Besides wooden folk architecture also medieval stone buildings, an early Gothic church and a Gothic-Renaissance style mansion are present.
at Banská Bystrica is a specialised national Museum which documents the development of Slovak society between 1938-1945, with a focus on the anti-fascist resistance and the Slovak National Uprising. It is a national museum and its professional, methodical, co-ordinating and consultative functions have an international scope. The museum was founded in 1955, taking over the responsibilities of the former Institute of the Slovak National Uprising that had existed in Banská Bystrica since 1947.
Established in 1951, the Museum of the Spiš Region, Spišská Nová Ves is located in the former Spišská Nová Ves Town Hall, one of the most valuable historical buildings in the town whose foundations are believed to date from the 15th century. In 1774 it became the Provincial House, seat of the newly-constituted province of the 16 Spiš Towns. Today the building is noteworthy for its façade, decorated by six Rococo stucco cartouches, which dates from the 18th century.
The Museum of Trade, Bratislava originated in 1983 as a Documentation Centre of Trade, Catering and Tourism set up by the former Ministry of Trade and Tourism SSR. The Museum of Trade as self-standing unit came into being on 1 January 1991. It is now managed by the Ministry of Economy.
Žitný Ostrov-Csallóköz Museum, Dunajska Streda was founded in 1964 in the so-called Yellow Manor House (Žltý kaštieľ), taking over the collections and functions an the earlier museum established in 1927 at Šamorín. Its permanent exhibition comprises 11 thematic units focusing on the archaeological and palaeontological, historical and ethnological development of the region.
Novohrad Museum in Lučenec was established in the year 1955 as a District Museum in Halič. In the years 1967 - 1985 was relocated to Fiľakovo under the name of Novohrad Museum. Since the year 1985 has been settled in the monument building of county courthouse in the historical centre of the town Lučenec.
The Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav Museum of Orava, Dolný Kubín was founded in 1980 through a merger of the Orava Museum at Oravský Podzámok and the Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav Literary Museum at Dolný Kubín. Named after the great Slovak poet, dramatist, translator and politician Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (1849-1921), it is housed in the building of the Čaplovič Library, which it also administers.
Podtatranské Museum, Poprad originated in 1876 as an initiative of the Hungarian Carpathian Society, but due to disagreements over location, two museums – the Tatran Museum in Veľká (1882) and the Carpathian Museum in Poprad (1886) – were initially established. In 1945 these two museums were joined to form the Tatran Museum of Poprad, which acquired its present name in 1961. In 1978 the museum acquired a satellite building in Spišská Sobota, which today serves as an exhibition space.
TThe Pohronie Museum, Nová Baňa originated in 1952 as a municipal museum founded on the initiative of antiquities collector Anton Solčansky. In 1988 it was turned into a museum with a local history orientation for the Pohronie region. The headquarters of the museum are in the former Town Hall – a four-storey Gothic building dating from the second half of the 14th century which was rebuilt in the mid 18th century. It is now a National Cultural Monument.
The Police Museum Bratislava is the only museum of its type in Slovakia. It documents the establishment, development and activities of the security and police services in Slovakia.
Opened in 1956 at Budatín Castle, the Považie Museum, Žilina is a regional museum which focuses on local archaeology and history and the tinker trade.The museum’s collections originated with those of the former Žilina Municipal Museum (1942) and now comprise over 100,000 objects from the fields of natural science, archaeology, history and ethnography.
Located in the historic Rákoczi Palace in the centre of Prešov, Prešov Regional Museum originated in 1945 as a Municipal Museum, later becoming a Regional Museum and from 1961 the Museum of the Slovak Council Republic.
Established in 1903 as a museum of the Šariš zhupa (district) and located in the Old Town Hall (1505–1511), Šariš Museum documents the development of nature and society in the Upper Šariš region.
Slovak Technical Museum (STM) offers an insight into the history and traditions of science and technology. Being the main centre of museum documentation of science development as well as of manufacturing and technology it administers ample collections, initiates care-taking of selected technical monuments in situ in the whole territory of Slovakia, provides technical assistance for their preservation and renovation. It also surveys the contribution of Slovakia and its personalities to development of world science and technology.
Opened in 1968 in the former family home of Slovak photographic optics pioneer Jozef Maximilián Petzval (1807-1891), this museum documents Petzval’s important contribution to the development of modern photographic and cinematographic technique. Collections include a rare, all-metal daguerreotype instrument with a Petzval lens of 1840 produced by German optician Voigtländer, plus cameras, devices, aids and instruments dating from Petzval's times up to the very latest models.
Established in 2002 in the Košice Airport compound, the Museum of Aviation in Košice documents the development of aviation in Slovakia from the earliest days up to 1943.
The Museum of Transport, Bratislava was opened in June 1999 as a branch of the Slovak Technical Museum in Košice. Housed in a railway storehouse near Bratislava Railway Station, the museum displays artefacts collected over a period of 70 years illustrating the history and development of road and railway transport in Slovakia.
The origins of Trenčín Museum are connected with the foundation in 1877 of the Natural History Club of Trenčín zhupa, which was engaged in collecting objects as well as lecturing and publishing activities. In 1912 the museum became a municipal institution, and in 1940 its collections were moved to the present building, the former Zhupa House.
Opened in 1985, originally as a branch of the Slovak National Museum in Bojnice, Upper Nitra Museum contains documents and artefacts on the history, archaeology, natural history, ethnography and art and crafts of the Upper Nitra region.
Founded in 1960, the Vihorlat Museum at Humenné has been housed since 1969 at Humenné Mansion, a large Renaissance-Baroque building which was once the seat of the powerful Drugeth family. It houses an extensive collection of period furniture and fittings, documents and artefacts relating to the art, history and natural history of the Upper Zemplín region.
Opened in 1954, the West Slovakia Museum at Trnava is housed in the building of the former 13th-century Clarists' convent which became an army hospital after 1782. One of the largest museums in Slovakia, it houses 149,643 objects, 65,970 of which are from natural history, 34,297 from ethnography and 49,376 from history. There is also a historical library which contains 50,039 items.
The Záhorie Museum, Skalica is a regional museum with a special focus on the Záhorie region.
Zemplín Museum in Michalovce was founded in 1957 as Zemplín Homeland Museum, and it has been operatrating under the current name since 1965. Since its inception the museum has been focusing on research and documentation of nature, ancient and medieval history, history and culture and arts of Zemplín region. It specializes in the field of vertebrate zoology, ancient history, ecclesiastical history, agrarian ethnography, fine arts and arts and crafts from 19th until 21st century. The seat of the museum is a Baroque - Classicist mansion of Sztaray aristocratic family.
Since 1954 SIBMAS has been the forum for colleagues from all over the world promoting research, practical and theoretical, in the documentation of the performing arts. Besides the organisation of biennial international congresses, SIBMAS members are involved in three permanent projects: a directory of theatre museums and libraries accessible online since 2002, the International Bibliography of Theatre (IBT), published by the Theatre Research Data Centre at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, and the World Encyclopaedia of Contemporary Theatre (6 volumes, 1994-2000).
The programme attempts to develop the educational capacity of the museums of art and galleries in Slovakia as well as to justify the existence of education departments as part of their structure. The starting point of the programme is the actual situation of the galleries and museums in Slovakia, where educational activities are perceived to be marginal, or no educational activities whatsoever are offered to visitors.
The Directorate of Museums, Galleries and Libraries (i) prepares the main objectives and principles of state policy in the field of museums, galleries, libraries, culture science and research; (ii) produces analytical, conceptual and informational materials in the field of museums, galleries, libraries, culture science and research; (iii) protects the historical value
The Museum of Roma Culture SNM is a specialised branch museum of the Slovak National Museum, situated close to the Slovak Open Air Village Museum SNM in Martin. It was established in 2002 and its mission is to present Roma culture and to inform visitors of its particularities.
Museum of Ruthenian Culture SNM in Prešov, which focuses on history and culture of Ruthenian ethnic minority in Slovakia, was established in 2007. Its mission is to acquire, preserve, process and make available to the public the museum collections, which document the evolution of material and spiritual culture of Ruthenians in the Slovak Republic.
The Union of Museums in Slovakia (ZMS) was established in 1990 as the professional networking association for the museums sector in the Slovak Republic. An independent legal entity with its headquarters in the city of Banská Bystrica, the Union's main mission is to pursue the interests of museums, to co-ordinate their activities and to support and develop the Slovak museums sector.
This small museum presents the life and work of celebrated Slovak astronomer Mikuláš Konkoly-Thege (1842-1916), who founded the Slovak Central Observatory in Hurbanovo in 1870.
Monuments and Museums – cultural heritage review is a quarterly professional publication of the heritage sector which provides information about historical research, collections, acquisitions, restoration and reconstruction, personalities, new exhibitions , technical monuments and publications.