Cultural Directory of Slovakia - Memorial

Kálmán Mikszáth Memorial House, Sklabina is the early 19th-century house in which the family of writer Kálmán Mikszáth settled in 1852. To this day the house remains in the ownership of relatives of the Mikszáth family. Kálmán Mikszáth himself spent his childhood here and returned while he was studying in Rimavská Sobota and Banská Štiavnica. The house was restored during the second half of the 20th century and a memorial exhibition on the writer, his life and work was opened in three rooms of the house in 1978.
German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) visited Dolná Krupá Mansion on several occasions. He was a friend of the Brunswick family who owned the house and dedicated several of his compositions to them. It is said that Beethoven composed his Moonlight Sonata there.
Jozef Gregor Tajovský Memorial House, built in 1799, is currently a cultural monument that is dedicated to the memory of a famous Slovak writer Joseph Gregor Tajovský (1874 -1940). Entrance room captures the history of the village of Tajov, second and third rooms are devoted to life and literary works of Tajovský and the fourth room is ethnographic in nature. In it the original interior of anteroom with hearth and smoke house have been preserved. The fifth room documents life and work Tajovský’s wife, the woman writer Hana Gregorová (1885-1958).
Housed in the Municipal Office, the Pavol Tonkovič Memorial Hall, Podkonice is dedicated to the memory of collector of folk music, conductor, pedagogue and composer Pavol Tonkovič (1907-1980). The exhibition documents Tonkovič’s life and work and also presents the history and ethnology of Podkonice.
The Winter of 1944-5 saw the systematic suppression of the armed revolt of the Slovak people – the Slovak National Uprising (SNP). A mere suspicion of assistance rendered to insurgents was often sufficient reason for bloody reprisals against local people. On the night of 17-18 March 1945 the Germans encircled and set aflame the Upper Hron village of Kalište. Of the 42 original houses only six remained. After the war, the foundations of the burned houses scattered across the hillside were conserved and the cemetery and the chapel were restored.
Part of the Museum of the Slovak National Uprising, the Nemecká Memorial has been established to remember the tragic events of January 1945 at Kofroň lime kiln near the village of Nemecká, when the Nazi security police under SS-Obersturmfuhrer Dr Kurt Georg Herbert Deffner, supported by members of the Hlinka Guard, carried out a mass execution of participants in the Slovak National Uprising, their family members and sympathisers, plus a large number of Roma ethnic people. Estimates of the number of people killed range from 500 to 900.