You are what you eat. Adequate nutrition is the key to health, well-being and exercise or sports performance. Nutrition experts also agree that diet is directly related to health and the prevention of degenerative diseases.

The basic principle of healthy nutrition is balance. A well-chosen selection of various foods will provide the nutrients needed for health and physical activity. It is also interesting to note that water is the most important, but most easily forgotten, nutrient the body requires. The other nutrients that we require to sustain life include vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

Nutrition is a relatively new science, which evolved from the discovery of vitamins in the previous century. Much research has been done since then and more and more information becomes available on a daily basis.

Unfortunately this abundance of information has also created the problem of misinformation and even dietary myths. Exercisers and athletes sometimes follow dietary principles and practices that do not contribute to improved health and fitness. In some cases this leads to eating habits that may be harmful.